Victims of type 1 diabetes are at risk of developing other complicated health issues. There before, patients of type 1 diabetes were assured of suffering from most of these common health issues.
However, with the advancement in technology, these health risks have significantly been reduced. Most of these complications affect different people differently hence there is a need to look out for their existence and have them addressed accordingly before they become more complicated.
This article will address the most common issues in patients suffering from type 1 diabetes.
The DKA condition arises from complex hyperglycemia. It is associated with the existence of large amounts of glucose in the bloodstream which lead to the hurried breakdown of body fats. With the breakdown of fats, fatty acids are then released and converted into ketones. These are very toxic chemicals if they exist in large amounts in the body. When one is suffering from this condition, pneumonia-like symptoms are prevalent. The victim can also experience from nausea and dehydration as well as hyperventilation.
The condition is such severe that if not immediately addressed, the patient may die, experience cerebral adema or even go to a coma. However, the instances of DKA occurrence and severity have largely been reduced hence reducing the number of deaths arising from DKA
The condition is most prevalent in diabetic patients with problems in handling their blood glucose especially when sick or in times of stress. Drug abuse, physical injuries, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections are the main factors indicating the onset of DKA. Parents should watch out for their teenage girls who at times fail to take the recommended amount of insulin in order to avoid weight gaining. This is very detrimental and the main cause of DKA among teenage girls.
Heart Disease and Stroke
Patients of type 1 diabetes are exposed to a higher risk of heart disease than healthy people. Research shows that 60% of the deaths among diabetes patients are as a result of heart attack. Stroke, on the other hand, raises this mortality rate to 3 deaths in every 4 diabetic patients. Type 1 diabetes is associated with an increment in triglycerides in the bloodstream and a reduction of HDL which is a good form of body cholesterol. This leads to atherosclerosis. The condition is also associated with impaired kidney functioning which makes the heart to be rather strained. Another associated condition is nerve damage that may cause some unpredicted heart reactions. Measures such as healthy exercises, taking heart-healthy meals and routine screening should be taken by patients suffering from this condition.
Retinopathy and Blindness
Most of the blindness cases among adults that have been recorded in developing countries are as a result of diabetes. Diabetes causes weakening and bursting of blood vessels in the eyes as a result of the heart and circulatory system complications arising from the condition. Regrowth of these blood vessels then occurs abnormally with some experiencing micro blood clots. When such blood vessels enter the eyeball or the retina, they may cause detaching of the retina. Keeping the heart healthy and being checked by an ophthalmologist can help patients of type 1 diabetes remain healthy.
Nephropathy is a condition that has largely been recorded in diabetic patients who tend to poorly control their condition. This problem has been persistent for many years despite the modern control measures of type 1 diabetes that have been established. An estimate of 20-30% of the people suffering from diabetes tends to develop nephropathy at one point in their life. When this happens, little can be done apart from the patient undergoing dialysis till death. To avoid this, a healthy diet, as well as strong glucose control measures, should be established
This is a nervous system condition where the nerves function unpredictably or even fail to function completely. It can either be autonomic or peripheral neuropathy. It is associated with heart problems, impotence, incontinence rapid breathing or even loss of sensation or tingling of the toes and the fingers. Maintaining a well-controlled blood glucose and taking a healthy diet is the only measure that can work against neuropathy.
The conditions discussed above are pretty serious and can lead to death. Therefore, taking the necessary precautions like maintaining a safe blood glucose range through taking the available medication, profusely engaging in exercises, and taking a healthy diet can save you and ensure that you live a longer life. This can help reduce and manage these risk factors and allow you to live a normal life. We wish you good luck and a healthy life.