Type 1 Diabetes Overview, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Type one diabetes is a chronic condition associated with the inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin. This makes the body dependent on synthesized insulin for the individual’s survival.

Essentially, the condition has been referred to as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes due to the fact that it is common among juveniles and that individuals suffering from it depend on insulin for survival. The hormone insulin makes it possible for glucose to find its way to the body cells where it undergoes conversion to form energy. This article provides an overview of this chronic condition and how to manage it.



The actual cause of this condition has never been established. The only thing that is known is that the body’s immune system ends up destroying the islets. Islets are the cells in the pancreas that are known to produce insulin. When insulin is secreted, it enters the bloodstream where it circulates into the whole body allowing glucose to enter the body cells. However, it is not all the glucose that should be absorbed into the body cells hence insulin serves as a way of reducing the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. A drop in the amount of glucose in the bloodstream triggers a reduction in the amount of insulin secreted.

The body, on the other hand, survives on the energy produced by glucose hence its constant flow is needed to make cells and muscles. With the main sources of glucose being the liver and food, the amount of glucose available in the bloodstream needs to be kept in check. However, the destruction of a significant number of islets impairs the whole process. Incidentally, the body no longer produces insulin of its own which makes the individual rely on externally synthesized insulin. Otherwise, there would be a buildup of glucose in the bloodstream which is life-threatening.

Other causes of the same maybe exposure to certain environmental factors, viruses and genetics

Signs and Symptoms

Just like any other condition, type 1 diabetes has its own signs and symptoms. The appearance of these signs and symptoms may be sudden or even relative. They range from blurred vision to weakness and fatigue, mood swings and irritability, weight loss, extreme hunger, sudden bed wetting in juveniles who had already been past this stage, frequent urination and increased thirst. If you notice such conditions in your child, you should consult a doctor to have the kid checked for this life-threatening condition.


With the advancement in technology, a lot of effort has been projected towards seeking a long lasting solution to chronic type 1 diabetes condition. Glucose monitoring and sensing are one of the technologies that have been advanced in recent years.

With over 8 types of insulin having been developed, a lot of effort has to be further employed in the diabetes control and complications trial in order to administer the available treatments effectively.

Currently, insulin therapy is the only means used to control this condition. The actual cure has not yet been found which makes victims rely on injecting themselves with laboratory-made insulin. Initially, NPH insulin was being used but its varied durations of action in different patients made it ineffective calling for improvements. This led to the introduction of the U 100 insulin that functioned like the insulin produced by the human body.

However, the use of this form of insulin requires the patient to be actively involved in exercises as well as improving their diet. The two  help in glycemic control as a part of the DCCT regime. There is also the inhaled and oral insulin regime also known as Exubera that involves the use of insulin powder that can be ingested into the body via inhaling or taking it orally. There are also diabetic socks and foot creams to help alleviate leg fatigue and promote healthy circulation.


Unfortunately, there is no known way in which an individual can prevent juvenile diabetes. However, intensive research is being carried out on how to prevent the islet cells from further being destroyed in those that have recently been diagnosed with the condition. Those suffering from the condition should consult a doctor and weigh the benefits and risks of the available treatments.


Unlike most of the other treatable diseases, type 1 diabetes has no actual cure. Patients should, therefore, focus on managing it as researchers continue to seek the cure. Once diagnosed with the disease, the best option is to weigh the risk factors as well as the benefits of every treatment in a trial that you are eligible for.

Before going for any treatment. Keeping your body fit through constant exercises as well as having a healthy diet also helps to control the condition

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